Origin and Habitat: Adenium multiflorum is widespread in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, south-eastern Zambia, north-eastern South Africa (Transvaal, Natal) and Swaziland.
Altitude range: 0–700(1.200) meters above sea level.
Habitat and ecology: This species grows at low altitudes in savanna and occasionally open forest, in hot dry areas in sandy places along marshes and rivers, and on brackish flats or rocky habitats. It flowers in winter when most of the surrounding vegetation is rather dull. It is threatened by collection for horticulture, medicinal uses and by heavy browsing by livestock. Where browsed extensively they tend to be small and shrubby. In protected areas, however, they can become handsome trees. In the Zimbabwe lowveld south of Mutate there is an old specimen that measures 7 m around the base. Flowering in habitat occurs between May and December.
ENGLISH: impala lily, Sabie star, kudu lily, Sabi star,
AFRIKAANS (Afrikaans): impalalelie
RUSSIAN (Русский): Адениум многоцветковый
Description: The impala lily (Adenium multiflorum) is a succulent shrub or shrubby tree, 0.5–3.5 m high, the shape resembling a dwarf baobab. Stems arise from a large thickened carrot-like rootstock (caudex), up to 1 m in diameter at stem base that enables it to survive long periods without water. The flowers cover these plants when they are in full bloom, they vary greatly in colour, usually with pointed white lobes, crinkly red margins and red stripes in the throat. Plants with pure white flowers are occasionally found. The plant is leafless when in flower. For most of the year the plants do not have flowers or leaves. In the Kruger National Park some exceptional specimens can be seen.
Derivation of specific name: The Latin specific epithet refers to the multitude of flowers produced by this plant.
Stems: The branches are succulent, stout, glabrous except at the very tips when young. The bark is shiny, grey with poisonous watery latex.
Leaves: The leaves usually appear after the flowers and are arranged spirally, clustered at end of branchlets, simple and subsessile. The stipules are minute or absent. The blade is 1.5–3(5.5) times as long as wide, (3.5-)5-8(-12.5) cm long, (14-)18-30(-76) mm broad, obovate ( broader towards the tip) to oblong, base wedge-shaped, apex subacute or obtuse, apiculate or mucronate, entire, leathery, shiny green above and pale below, glabrous on both sides. Midrib rather thin. Secondary veins faint, though usually distinct, very oblique; petiole 2-7 mm long.
Inflorescence ( a dense terminal cyme): Much contracted, 5–15-flowered, terminal, sessile, preceded by more or less numerous deciduous triangular indurated bud-scales, hairy. Bracts lanceolate, 4-6 mm long. Pedicels up to 4 long densely hairy.
Flowers: Bisexual, regular, 5-parted, showy, white, pink, crimson, red and bicolored flowers usually appearing before the leaves, each flower 50-70 mm in diameter. Calyx 6-8 mm long, hairy. Sepals narrowly ovate 6–10 x 2.5–3 mm hairy, fused at base. Corolla red, pink or white, conspicuously cuspidate in bud. Tube funnel-shaped 2–4 times as long as the calyx (22-40 mm long), pink to white, red-striped within the throat, infrastaminal part of the tube, with 5 hairy lines descending almost to the middle, glabrous below, suprastaminal part funnel-shaped, villous within 10-13 cm across; throat-scales small, confluent and forming an obesely triangular pocket. Lobes spreading 13–29 x 10–19 mm, broad ovate to narrowly obovate, mucronate to apiculate, and crispate, pink to white with deep pink to scarlet margins, outside sparsely and minutely pubescent, glabrous inside. Lobes., narrowly ovate to narrowly obovate with a voluminous scale at the base. Stamens dstamens inserted near base of corolla tube and distinctly exerted. Anthers 6 mm long, densely villous. Pistil 10–15 mm. long; ovary glabrous; style 8–11 mm long. The flowers are sweetly scented.
Fruits ( paired follicles): Reflexed, cylindrical to spindle-shaped, pale grey to pale grey-brown, glabrous or very minutely tormentors, 7–18(-24) cm long 0.8–1.5 cm in diameter, eventually spreading at 180°, splitting open by a longitudinal slit, many-seeded.
Seeds: Linear,10-15 mm long, coma (tufts of long hairs) dirty white to light brown, to 30 mm long.
Chromosome number: 2n = 22