Encephalartos Munchii




Encephalartos Munchii

It is an arborescent cycad, with an erect stem, up to 1 m tall and 30 cm in diameter, sometimes with secondary stems originating from basal suckers. [2] The leaves, pinnate, arranged in a crown at the apex of the stem, are 1–1.3 m long, supported by a 15-20 cm long petiole, and composed of numerous pairs of lanceolate, coriaceous green leaves, long 15–20 cm, with spiny margin and pungent apex. It is a dioecious species, with male specimens presenting from 1 to 6 sub-cylindrical, erect, 40–65 cm long and 7–9 cm broad, jade green, and female specimens with cylindrical-ovoid cones, generally solitary, 30–50 cm long and 16–20 cm broad, from glaucous green to jade green. The seeds are roughly ovoid, 2.5-3.5 cm long, covered with a scarlet red sarcotesta. Encephalartos munchii is a species of cycad in Africa


Encephalartos munchii is restricted to a single colony on the Zembe Mountain in Mozambique. This species occurs on rocky granite grassland slopes and hills intermixed in evergreen forest and brush. The climate is hot and wet, but can be cool and dry during the winter months.

It is a small plant, to 1.0m tall, and 35cm in diameter. Numerous soapy-green 1.0-1.3m leaves, with a very slight v cross-section. The young leaves have a distinctly blue color.

Encephalartos munchii requires light shade/full sun in the cool tropics/sub-tropics. Their natural habitat has very hot, wet summers, and cool, dry winters. Seedlings are easy to establish, but mature plants have proved virtually impossible to transplant.


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